What Is SBIRT?

sbirtSBIRT stands for:

Screening:

universal screening to assess everyone for level of risk regarding substance use, including tobacco, alcohol, prescription medication and illicit drugs, with validated screening tools.

Brief Intervention:

motivational and awareness raising brief intervention for those who screen as at risk substance users. Research shows that brief interventions are most effective among persons with less severe problems: low and moderate risk substance users.

Referral to Treatment:

referral to specialty care for those screening as high risk substance users in need of further evaluation and treatment.

SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for persons with substance use disorders and those persons whose use poses a level of risk.

Primary care centers, hospitals, and many other communities provide excellent opportunities for early intervention with at-risk alcohol and drug users and for intervention for persons struggling with substance use disorders.