SBIRT stands for:
universal screening to assess everyone for level of risk regarding substance use, including tobacco, alcohol, prescription medication and illicit drugs, with validated screening tools.
motivational and awareness raising brief intervention for those who screen as at risk substance users. Research shows that brief interventions are most effective among persons with less severe problems: low and moderate risk substance users.
Referral to Treatment:
referral to specialty care for those screening as high risk substance users in need of further evaluation and treatment.
SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for persons with substance use disorders and those persons whose use poses a level of risk.
Primary care centers, hospitals, and many other communities provide excellent opportunities for early intervention with at-risk alcohol and drug users and for intervention for persons struggling with substance use disorders.